Weather In French: Your Guide To Learn Common Vocabulary & Phrases

Weather in French

Bonjour, les amis! Are you ready to talk about the weather… in French? That’s right! Today, we’re going to dive into the fascinating world of French weather vocabulary.

Because, let’s be honest, we all love to chat about the weather, and it’s a great ice breaker when meeting new people or practicing your language skills.

So, grab your umbrella or sunglasses, depending on the forecast, and let’s explore how to say ‘weather’ in French, along with some of the most common weather terms you’ll need to become a true meteorological master. Ready to get started? Allons-y!

Le Temps in French: Mastering The Art of Weather Conversation

In French, the word for weather is “le temps”. That’s right, it’s the same word used for “time” in French, but don’t worry – context will help you distinguish between the two! To talk about the weather, you’ll use the phrase “Il fait” followed by a specific weather vocabulary word. This phrase is the equivalent of “It is” or “It’s” in English when describing the weather.

For instance, if you want to say “It’s sunny out,” you’ll say, “Il fait du soleil.” Notice how we use “du” before “soleil” in this case. Similarly, to say “It’s cold out,” you’ll say “Il fait froid,” where “froid” is the word for “cold.”

If you find yourself in a windy situation, you can say, “Il fait du vent,” with “vent” being the word for “wind.” And for those days when it’s raining outside, you’ll use the phrase “Il pleut,” which translates to “It’s raining.”

Describing The Weather In French: Guide To Talking About Weather

French is a beautiful and versatile language, and when it comes to describing the weather, there are three simple formulas you can use to express yourself accurately. Let’s take a look at each of these formulas, complete with examples, to help you become a pro at describing the weather in French.

1. Il fait + adjective

This formula is perfect for expressing the general state of the weather using an adjective. For instance, if you want to say “it’s nice out,” you’ll say “Il fait beau.” “Beau” is the adjective for “nice” or “beautiful” when talking about the weather.


  • Il fait chaud (It’s hot out.)

2. Il fait du + noun

This structure is used when you want to describe the weather using a noun. For instance, if you want to say “it’s windy out,” you’ll say “Il fait du vent.” Here, “vent” is the noun for “wind,” and you’ll use “du” before it to complete the phrase.


  • Il fait du brouillard (It’s foggy out)

3. Il + verb

This formula is used when you want to describe the weather using a verb. For example, if you want to say “it’s snowing,” you’ll use the verb “neiger” and say “Il neige.” In this case, the verb itself conveys the state of the weather.

Suggestion: 7 Easy Ways To Say ‘Beautiful’ In French Along With Grammar Usage.


  • Il pleut (It’s raining)

With these three formulas in your French weather vocabulary toolbox, you’ll be well-equipped to describe “le temps” in various situations. So, the next time you find yourself in a French-speaking country, don’t hesitate to strike up a conversation about the weather – you’ve got this!

Essential French Weather Vocabulary: Words And Phrases

– Il fait + adjective

When talking about the weather in French, using “Il fait” followed by an adjective is a quick and easy way to express the current conditions. Here are 14 essential adjectives you can use to describe a variety of weather situations:

  1. Il fait beau (It’s nice out)
  2. l fait bon (The weather is fine)
  3. Il fait mauvais (It’s bad weather)
  4. Il fait chaud (It’s hot out)
  5. Il fait froid (It’s cold out)
  6. Il fait frais (It’s cool out)
  7. Il fait humide (It’s humid out)
  8. Il fait sec (It’s dry out)
  9. Il fait doux (It’s mild out)
  10. Il fait gris.(It’s cloudy out)
  11. Il fait orageux (It’s stormy out)
  12. Il fait clair (It’s clear out)
  13. Il fait sombre (It’s dark out)
  14. Il fait lourd (It’s muggy/stuffy out)

– Il fait + du/un/une + Noun: Handy Weather Phrases for Your French Conversations

Using “Il fait du” followed by a noun is a useful way to describe specific weather phenomena in French. Here are 4 examples to help you express various weather conditions using this structure:

Related: Learn 6 Easy Ways to Say Congratulations in French Language.

  1. Il fait du soleil (It’s sunny out)
  2. Il fait du vent (It’s windy out)
  3. Il fait du brouillard (It’s foggy out)
  4. Il fait une chaleur épouvantable. (It is horribly hot.)

– Il + Verb: 5 Essential Weather Verbs to Boost Your French Conversations

In French, using “Il” followed by a verb is a convenient way to describe specific weather events. Here are 5 examples of weather verbs to help you express various conditions in your French conversations:

  1. Il pleut (It’s raining)
  2. Il neige (It’s snowing)
  3. Il grêle (It’s hailing)
  4. Il gèle (It’s freezing)
  5. Il bruine (It’s drizzling)

These 5 “Il + verb” examples will enable you to talk about various weather events in French with ease. Practice using these verbs to enhance your conversations with native speakers and deepen your understanding of French weather expressions. Enjoy discussing “le temps” while showing off your growing language skills!

– Il y a + Noun: 10 French Weather Phrases to Expand Your Vocabulary

The phrase “Il y a” followed by a noun is another way to describe specific weather conditions in French. Here are 10 examples to help you express various weather phenomena using this structure:

  1. Il y a du soleil (There’s sunshine)
  2. Il y a des nuages (There are clouds)
  3. Il y a de la pluie (There is rain)
  4. Il y a de la brume (There’s mist)
  5. Il y a du brouillard (There’s fog)
  6. Il y a du vent.(There’s wind.)
  7. Il y a des éclaircies (There are sunny spells)
  8. Il y a des averses (There are showers)
  9. Il y a un orage (There is a thunderstorm)
  10. Il y a de la neige fondue (There’s slush)

By familiarizing yourself with these 10 “Il y a + noun” phrases, you’ll be well-equipped to describe a wide range of weather conditions in French.

Use these expressions in your conversations to impress native speakers with your knowledge of French weather vocabulary and to make your discussions about “le temps” even more engaging.

Similar Post: Learn 70+ Top French Sports Vocabulary To Boost Your French Learning.

French Weather Vocabulary: A Collection of Common Words For Everyday Conversations

When discussing the weather in French, it’s essential to have a good grasp of common vocabulary words. Here’s a handy list of frequently used terms that you can use in your conversations about “le temps“:

  1. Le temps (The weather)
  2. La météo (The weather forecast)
  3. Le ciel (The sky)
  4. Le soleil (The sun)
  5. Les nuages (The clouds)
  6. La pluie (The rain)
  7. La neige (The snow)
  8. Le vent (The wind)
  9. Le brouillard (The fog)
  10. La brume (The mist)
  11. L’orage (The thunderstorm)
  12. Le tonnerre (The thunder)
  13. Les éclairs (The lightning)
  14. La grêle (The hail)
  15. Le gel (The frost)
  16. La tempête (The storm)
  17. La canicule (The heatwave)
  18. L’arc-en-ciel (The rainbow)
  19. La lune (The moon)
  20. Les étoiles (The stars)

By mastering these common weather vocabulary words, you’ll be able to discuss various aspects of the weather in French with ease.

Make sure to practice using them in your conversations to enhance your language skills and to connect with native speakers over shared observations of “le temps.”

French Weather Idioms: Colorful Expressions To Enrich Your Conversations

French is a language rich in idiomatic expressions, and weather idioms are no exception. These colorful phrases can add a touch of local flavor to your conversations and give you insight into French culture. Here are some popular French weather idioms to expand your linguistic repertoire:

  1. Il fait un froid de canard (It’s freezing cold) – Literally: It’s a duck’s cold
  2. Il pleut des cordes (It’s raining heavily) – Literally: It’s raining ropes
  3. Il pleut des hallebardes (It’s raining very heavily) – Literally: It’s raining halberds
  4. Après la pluie, le beau temps (Every cloud has a silver lining) – Literally: After the rain comes good weather
  5. Il fait un temps de chien (The weather is awful) – Literally: It’s dog’s weather
  6. En avril, ne te découvre pas d’un fil; en mai, fais ce qu’il te plaît (In April, don’t remove a thread; in May, do as you please) – A French saying about dressing for the weather in spring
  7. Il y a de l’orage dans l’air (There’s tension in the air) – Literally: There’s a storm in the air
  8. C’est la saison des pluies (It’s a difficult period) – Literally: It’s the rainy season
  9. Un coup de tonnerre dans un ciel bleu (A bolt from the blue) – Literally: A thunderbolt in a blue sky
  10. Avoir un soleil dans le cœur(To be in a good mood) – Literally: To have a sun in one’s heart

Incorporating these French weather idioms into your conversations will not only make your speech more colorful and engaging but also demonstrate your understanding of the nuances of the French language.

Also Read: Mastering French Indefinite Articles: A Comprehensive Guide For Learners.

Enjoy using these expressions and watch as your conversations with native speakers become even more lively and enjoyable!

More French Weather Terms: Expanding Your Vocabulary For Richer Conversations

As you dive deeper into the world of French weather vocabulary, you’ll find even more terms to help you express yourself with precision and flair. Here are some additional weather-related words and phrases to enhance your conversations:

  1. L’éclaircie (The clearing / bright spell)
  2. La canicule (The heatwave)
  3. La rafale (The gust of wind)
  4. La bourrasque (The squall)
  5. Le verglas (The black ice)
  6. La poudrerie (The blowing snow)
  7. L’averse (The shower)
  8. Le crépuscule (The twilight / dusk)
  9. L’aurore / l’aube (The dawn)
  10. La rosée (The dew)
  11. Le zénith (The zenith / when the sun is at its highest point)
  12. La giboulée (The sleet shower / sudden heavy rain)
  13. L’anticyclone (The high-pressure system)
  14. La dépression (The low-pressure system)
  15. La bruine (The drizzle)
  16. La tempête de neige (The snowstorm / blizzard)
  17. Le coup de vent (The strong gust of wind)
  18. Le réchauffement climatique (Global warming)

By adding these terms to your French weather vocabulary, you’ll be able to describe various atmospheric conditions with greater detail and accuracy.

Don’t Miss To Checkout: The 15 Most Common Grammar Mistakes In French And Our Guide To Avoid Them.

French Weather Vocabulary Quiz

Hey there, fellow French enthusiasts! We’ve got a little surprise for you: a French weather vocabulary quiz to put your newfound knowledge to the test.

Ready to dive in and put your French weather knowledge to the test? Allez, on y va! Click the link below to start the quiz, and have fun discovering just how much you know about “le temps” en français. Bonne chance!

Welcome to the Quiz !

Why is learning weather vocabulary important in French?

Weather is a common topic of conversation, and having a solid understanding of weather-related terms will allow you to engage in small talk and build rapport with native speakers.

How can I practice French weather vocabulary?

Practice by incorporating weather vocabulary into your daily conversations, writing about the weather in a journal, or discussing weather forecasts with friends or language partners.

Are there any resources to help me learn French weather vocabulary?

There are many resources available, including language learning apps, websites, textbooks, and videos. You can also practice with native speakers through language exchange programs or online communities.

How long will it take to master French weather vocabulary?

The amount of time it takes to master French weather vocabulary will vary depending on your existing language skills, the frequency of practice, and your natural aptitude for language learning. The key is to practice consistently and immerse yourself in the language whenever possible.

What are some common French weather idioms?

Some popular French weather idioms include “Il fait un froid de canard” (It’s freezing cold), “Il pleut des cordes” (It’s raining heavily), and “Après la pluie, le beau temps” (Every cloud has a silver lining).

With dedication and practice, you’ll soon find yourself confidently discussing the weather in French and impressing native speakers with your knowledge of idiomatic expressions. Keep expanding your vocabulary, and enjoy the journey toward fluency!


So there you have it, folks! We’ve covered quite a bit of ground in our exploration of French weather vocabulary, expressions, and idioms.

Whether you’re just starting out on your language-learning journey or looking to up your game, these weather terms and phrases will surely come in handy. After all, who doesn’t love a good chat about “le temps” with friends, family, or even complete strangers?

Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be shy about striking up a conversation about the weather with a native French speaker. Share your thoughts on the sunshine, marvel at the latest thunderstorm, or discuss the chilly breeze sweeping through town. The more you practice, the more confident and fluent you’ll become.

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Brian

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